A History Of Precious Metals

Precious metals have an extensive history, as different cultures have used them from early discovery. Precious metals are mostly naturally occurring and, therefore, mined. Several precious metals include gold, silver, platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. Mainly precious metals’ purpose is in jewelry, industrial processes, and as a sign of wealth. There’s always companies like National Coin & Bullion Reserve that can help you with an investment.


Gold was discovered by different groups, and everyone who found it was impressed by the metal for its brilliance, natural beauty, and malleability. In California, it was found by James W. Marshall on January 24, 1848, in Sutter Creek, California. He saw something shiny and got interested. The name gold comes from the Anglo-Saxon word Geolo meaning yellow. Gold is easy to work with due to its pure state and permanence since it doesn’t rust.

In the early years, gold’s association was with the gods, rulers, and wealth in many cultures. This tradition has spread throughout ancient and modern civilizations. In the quest for gold, Phoenicians, Egyptians, Indians, Hittites, and Chinese prisoners of war went to work in gold mines. In 700 B.C, gold was used as money due to its ease of melting, forming, and measuring, like in Ancient Greece. Gold was the first monetary medium of exchange but has extensively developed over time. It shaped the world’s economies to expand and prosper.

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Antonio de Ulloa, a Spanish mariner in Colombia, in 1736 discovered platinum. He wrote the metal’s description that made many scientists interested by its resistance to corrosion and inability to melt. Platinum is the most expensive, precious, and rarest metal. Platinum is a recent discovery compared to gold and silver, that have been around for thousands of years. In the earlier days, it was thought to be a mixture of gold and silver, but in 2000-2008 it experienced a significant spike and became the most expensive metal.

The famous jewelers Cartier and sons in the late 1800s began to use platinum as jewelry. They mastered the metal and were able to bend it. It created high demand among royals around the world. After its discovery in 1800 in Columbia, the metal was later discovered in different countries, including the Ural Mountains in Russia, Canada, and South Africa. South Africa has become the biggest manufacturer of platinum, with 75 percent of the world’s platinum.

Scientists have discovered different uses for platinum, including catalytic converters in dental work, computers, vehicle engines, pacemakers, and chemotherapy. Platinum was first used as currency in Russia in late 1820, and since then, it has been issued as platinum currency by famous mints around the world. Despite platinum not having a historical monetary precedent, platinum coins have become more marketable rather than practical financial use.


The history of silver is long, and its first evidence was in Turkey and Greece in 3000 B.C. The ancient people learned how to refine silver through the cupellation process, where they heated the silver ore and blew air over it. Silver is a shiny whitish metal that is resistant to corrosion and malleable. Silver’s beauty and beautiful nature have made people fascinated about the metal and therefore used for jewelry.

Over time silver has been used for different purposes, including the fabrication of electronics. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity than any other metal. Hence, used in making electrical switches, superconductors circuit boards, and electroplating. Silver is used in making textiles and clothing, musical instruments, and solar panels. It is used in producing chemicals, as a protective coating, and as an embalming agent. Silver has medical purposes because of its antimicrobial properties. It kills bacteria affecting respiration as it absorbs oxygen. In hospitals, it coats surfaces and medical equipment to protect against the spread of pathogens, hence used a lot in dentistry for dental tools and cavity fillings.

Silver became a monetary transaction method after gold, and its economic value has appreciated over time. The oldest coin having been minted in Turkey 2,700 years ago. It helped advance the world’s civilization by connecting the East and West through trade. During the Middle Ages, Europeans used silver to buy Chinese goods since it was scarce in China. The Spanish later discovered silver in Mexico and Peru and established a route across the Pacific. Through its transportation, it accelerated trade through the Mediterranean region.

Platinum, gold, and silver are the most famous precious and traded metals. Gold and silver, having been discovered first and later platinum. They have a vast number of uses, as discussed, their worth appreciating over time due to their scarcity. Palladium and rhodium are the most expensive precious metals in the world.


How To Pick

The alarm goes off, and you rush to the kitchen to grab a cup of coffee from the machine. You had set the timer the night before, so it brewed just before you got up and it’s in your travel mug. There’s no time for breakfast. Hurriedly, you find a granola bar in the cupboard and hustle out the door to meet a bus, train, or to start the highway commute. It’s another busy day, and you love your job; you’re successful at it. When you get home, it’s late, and there is no time to exercise or socialize. Right now this punishing regimen isn’t hurting you too much, but your health is suffering. The 67 Steps by Tai Lopez does a great job outlining this in their system.


Signs of Trouble

What exactly is all of this racing around doing to your body and your life overall? Your diet is poor. There is too much rushing, not enough contemplation. The community isn’t a part of your world unless you count colleagues, some of whom are probably friends, but if you only talk about work there’s no downtime; no opportunity to address emotional matters or fill your spirit. You probably neglect family: siblings, parents, aunts, and uncles, and friends you used to hang out with. Use photography to help yourself with this.

A little bit of stress is good for you. Stress makes you work harder and think faster. The mental demands of your profession are also good for long-term mental agility. Unless some catastrophic brain disease strikes you down, there’s a good chance that, in years to come, you will be one of those formidable older people with amazing memories. You’ll also be unmarried without kids, whether because you chose career over marriage or because a marriage didn’t survive this pace. Maybe you won’t mind, but there’s no way to tell until it’s too late to do anything about it.

The Consequences

Health-wise, there are obvious ramifications. The first is related to diet. Coffee and a granola bar for breakfast isn’t the best start. If this is just a prelude to yogurt with berries or boiled eggs on whole wheat toast, that’s not so bad. But there is a good chance the hectic pace indicated above doesn’t leave time for real, fresh food and hot meals. A successful, busy person frequently chooses work over nutrition and eats fast food from places that deliver to the office or from the packaging of pot noodles and cookies with long shelf lives. His heart is going to suffer in the long run, and he might also develop Type 2 Diabetes. A weight problem will have set in as well, but even if an individual is blessed with a speedy metabolism, there is no escaping those other invisible consequences which could result in a heart attack or stroke.

To keep going, many such individuals drink a lot of coffee, tea, and energy drinks. They need the caffeine but eventually they require more and more of it to obtain the same benefits as before. Along with a high tolerance for the stimulant, they are sleep-deprived, don’t drink enough water, and badly need to detoxify the free radicals that threaten their immune system or which could cause cancer. Though not outwardly sick, this successful person is caught in a cycle which causes him to be agitated, lonely, and unhappy at the deepest level. Just make sure you are getting the right nutrition for yourself.

A Healthy Alternative

Obviously, such an individual has to reassess his priorities And make time for taking care of himself. If it’s hard to think ahead of time about meals, he or she can at least take a multivitamin suitable for men or women and appropriate for a given age bracket. Additionally, there are natural sleep aids such as melatonin which can help. Getting enough sleep is crucial to one’s overall bodily and mental health. When we sleep, the brain processes all of the chaos in a day and de-stresses. Five hours of uninterrupted, deep sleep is better than 8 hours interrupted by bad dreams, remembering deadlines, or spent tossing and turning. It’s even possible to feel refreshed, get up early, and make time for a good breakfast plus a brisk walk which is more energizing than coffee.

Many employers recognize the value of healthy employees. They stock the staff room with produce and healthy proteins. If there is space, workout equipment is installed somewhere in the building or team members receive gym memberships or discounts. Opportunities to work from home reduce hours spent commuting, so employees have more time to be with family, attend places of worship, and have fun.


The Styles

Everyone envies Gwyneth Paltrow and Jennifer Aniston’s hairstyles but the truth of the matter is that any woman has the ability to create the exact same looks at home. Straight hair is very easy to manage if you have natural straight hair without all of the frizziness but straight hair can be very hard to control when you have dry frizzy hair. In order to get the straight hair look that you are searching for, you are going to need some tools to succeed.

The tools that you are going to need is a blow dryer that has an attachment so that you can precisely direct the flow of the air, a large round brush that has densely packed bristles, a flat iron and sectioning clips that do not crease the hair. Below, you will find some tips for styling straight hair; these tips will come in handy when maintaining proper care of your hair. Whether you know it or not, making sure that your hair is healthy should be your number one priority in order to have shiny flowing straight hair.

Moving Towards Straight Hair – Hairstyles for Fine Straight Hair

Tip Number One

Condition the body of your hair. If you have fine hair, you are going to use volumizing conditioner. If you have coarse hair, you are going to need to use moisturizing conditioner. Once you have conditioned your hair, you can top it off with a cool rinse. A cool rinse will help flatten out the cuticle and will give hair sheen.

Tip Number Two

Get rid of split ends. The key to having healthy hair is to get a haircut. When you have damaged split ends, they tend to be noticeable when your hair is perfectly straight.

Tip Number Three

Go for drop dead straight. When your hair is damp, use Philip B.’s Drop Dead Baum which is for straightening straight hair. When using this product, make sure that you coat the ends because this will help to keep your hair free of frizz. If you have extra coarse hair, you may want to add a few drops of Philip B. Rejuvenator Oil to the Baum and then work it together in your hair.

Tip Number Four

Dry in a downwards motion. When you begin drying your hair, you need to use both the blow dryer and a brush and start blow drying around the area of the back of the neck while focusing on small areas of the hair. Then, while using the brush, you are going to stretch the hair taut and direct the aim of the dryer nozzle downward onto the actual hair shaft. Now you can move the brush downwards the actual length of the hair until you reach the ends. You can repeat this same action until your hair is completely dry. If you want to keep the wet hair out of your way, you can use the clips that don’t crease the hair.

Tip Number Five

Don’t allow your hair to get bent all out of whack. When you are drying your hair, you need to make sure that you don’t leave any moisture in your hair because it will bend the hair and it can result in frizziness. Before using a flat iron, you need to make sure that your hair is completely dry.

Tip Number Six

Let your head prevail. Once you have completely dried your hair, you might want to use a flatiron to create the look that you have been searching for, the look of Jennifer Aniston and Madonna as well as Gwyneth Paltrow.

Before you use the flat iron, you need to make sure that you avoid using finishing products. If you use these products before you finish ironing your hair, you can fry it. While using the flat iron, you need to take a small thin section of your hair, no wider than the iron, and slide the flat iron down it without stopping. When you finish, you can have a light pomade in order to add sheen and make sure that you hair stays as smooth as silk.


Get Rid Of It

If you suffer from oily hair, here are a few tips that you should take into consideration on oil hair resolution and prevention. In order to resolve or prevent oily hair, the most important thing that you can use the best shampoo for oily hair on a daily basis. For all of you out there that have a tendency to have problems with oily hair, you may want to try leaving the shampoo in your hair for five minutes before you rinse it out. Since brushing your hair can carry the oil from your scalp to the ends of your hair, you may want to avoid brushing your hair too vigorously or too often as well. Another factor that contributes to the oiliness of your hair is hormones because they affect oil production. Factors that contribute to your hormone levels are stress and birth control pills.

Ways to Prevent Oily Hair

Even though it doesn’t always seem like it, your hair’s overall appearance is basically a result of an individual’s daily habits. In this section of the article, you will find a couple of ways that you can improve the beauty and natural health of your hair. Please take these into consideration when considering different methods of preventing oily hair. However, keep in mind that each individual person has different needs for their hair and because of that, what works for one individual may not work for another.

Oily hair can be prevented by shampooing less often. When you wash your hair on a daily basis, it strips your hair of its natural oils and then it coats your hair with unnecessary amounts of residue and chemicals which in turn leaves it under-nourished and limp. When it comes to shampooing, your best bet would be to wash your hair every other day and use a shampoo that is designed specifically for your hair type.

Greasy hair can also be a result of using way too much conditioner. If you are a victim of greasy hair, you need to use a light conditioner every other day and then when you use it you need to only apply it to the tips or ends of the hair or the areas that the conditioner is needed the most. Remember when using a conditioner that you only need to use it in small amounts, which generally will be less than a teaspoon. Another way that you can prevent greasy hair is to make sure that you rinse thoroughly.

Styling products, as well as perspiration, can contribute to the build up of compounds which results in a greasy mess. If you spend a little more time scrubbing underneath the water, believe me, your scalp will applaud you. Following a health diet can also prevent greasy hair. Try to avoid oily and excessively fatty foods along with preservatives and additives. Heavy fats have a way of working themselves into your skin oils which results in overly oily skin and hair. If you would like to strengthen your hair, you can increase your consumption of minerals, vitamins and proteins.

Greasy hair can be caused by added stress as well. When you have stress in other areas of your life, it can affect the overall state of your hair as well as the rest of your body. So, you need to make sure that you take the time each and every day to relax and calm down for a minute. You also need to make sure that you are aware of your emotional and mental health. You may not realize it right this minute but there are a lot of things in your life that can cause stress, work and school are just two of the many stress factors that we experience on a daily basis. If you take the time to eliminate those stress factors that you can avoid, you should do so and for those that you can’t avoid, you need to find ways that you can deal with them that want stress you out.